“Russia will march on all the nations of Europe, particularly on Italy, and will raise its flag on the dome of Saint Peter.
I will express My predilection for Italy, which will be preserved from fire; but the sky will be covered with dense darkness and the earth will be shaken by terrible earthquakes which will open deep abysses, and cities and provinces will be destroyed; and everyone will cry that it is the end of the world!
Even Rome will be punished according to justice for its many and serious sins, because the scandal has reached its height. ”
The Great Catholic Monarch and Angelic Pontiff Prophecies
Video in Italian concerning the subject of how the Rothschilds helped to fund the Masonic “Risorgimento” that involved destroying the stronghold Catholic governments of the Papal States and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies:
Come i Rothschild finanziarono l'Unità d'Italia
(Video title in English: How the Rothschilds funded the Unification of Italy)
download archived mp4 file (109Mb) here
Rough translation of the video description:
Traditional history describes the Unification of Italy and the Risorgimento as a concomitant of plebiscites and spontaneous uprisings. Was unification really like that? The reality of things is quite different. To give strength and contribution to the expansion of the Savoy in the Italian peninsula were massive funding (in debt) of the Rothschild family, the engine of the Risorgimento was basically money. The Kingdom of Sardinia became heavily indebted, to the point that it had to find a way to cover the budget hole caused by the Rothschild loans. Cavour had implemented major reforms in the country, from roads to industries and railways. But this was not enough. A conflict was needed to expand the borders and increase the revenue with which to repay the financial debts: the Unification of Italy would be the perfect pretext.
Translated with https://www.deepl.com/Translator (free version)
This is how Bl. Pius IX responded to King Victor Emanuel II of Italy threatening him to surrender during the Battle of Rome:
“I tell you, in the name of Jesus Christ, you are all whited sepulchres.”
This video explains how the Rothschilds funded the Italian Risorgimento (the Masonic unification and de-Christianization of the Papal Statea, “Italy”) and how the saintly Pope Pius IX responded to the theft of the Papal States by the Rothschild-backed Piedmontese:
Who was Pope Pius the Great?
(Published in II Popolo di Roma, November 29, 1928)
By Benito Mussolini
In publishing this article I want to immediately make it clear that I do not intend to incite anti-Semitism, despite the fact that Semites are the main protagonists of worldwide anti-Fascism, from Treves to Torres. I hope instead that the Jews living in Italy do not provoke us and force us to be anti-Semitic.
Recently the Congress of Italian Zionists was held in Milan. Italian Zionists are Jews who want to return to Palestine, or help other Jews of other countries to go there. The Milan Congress has not attracted the attention of the general public, except for one laconic "Stefani" who published a story about some of the telegrams sent to the supreme authority of the State. As for the rest, silence. But we are too careful and too sensitive observers of what is happening under the sky of Italy to be satisfied with a press statement. We have read with great interest the most comprehensive account of the conference that was published by the official newspaper of the Italian Zionists in three successive numbers. We have made some remarkable findings.
But before we expose them, it will not be inappropriate to recall that Italy is one of the few nations in the world that historically had no anti-Semitic parties or movements. The Italians—good-natured and easygoing for the most part, until Fascism taught them how to stare directly into the face of reality—the Italians have always thought that Jews were Italians who believed in Moses and awaited the Messiah. Different from us, therefore, only in religion, while having everything else in common: Fatherland, rights and duties. The Italian people never made distinctions; they were not surprised either when they learned there were three Jewish prime ministers, nor when they saw the Jews ruling many delicate institutions. Up until recently, therefore, it was reasonable for them to consider Jews merely as Italian citizens of the Jewish religion. But after the Congress of Milan, the panorama presented certain variants worthy of meditation which are likely to impose a correction of opinions. We read—and we are not surprised—an appeal by the Italian Zionist Federation, which speaks of a "Jewish people following in the footsteps of their fathers, in the name of Sion", and which called upon the Zionists to "regain their Jewish consciousness", and which states that "the Jewish people will soon implement their ideal", etc.
Italian Christians will perhaps be a bit surprised and disturbed to find out that there exists in Italy another people, which not only declares itself completely foreign to our religious faith, but also to our nation, our people, our history, our ideals. A host people, in other words, which stands among us as oil and water, together but without merging, to use the expression of the late Florentine Rabbi Margulies. This discovery is very serious.
Of course not all Italian Jews follow Zionism, however there are many tepid and silent Jews. Mr. Giuseppe Pardo Roques of Pisa, for example, hurls his lightning and speaks of "Jews still quietly immersed in hibernation since 1848, refusing assimilation". Do you understand this? The abolition of the "ghettos" and the recognition of equality of Jews to Christians—an event which was previously exalted as one of the greatest achievements of civilization—is defined by this scornful Maccabean host as a "hibernation".
Another commentator of the Zionist group in Milan, presided over by the comedy writer and President of the Congress Sabatino Lopez, wants to incite before the drowsy Jews—though susceptible to a Jewish awakening—the ominous specters of assimilation and absorption. The same commentator speaks of a "national consciousness" to pass on ever more ardently to their children, grandchildren, great grandchildren, up to the most distant generations. Only a triestine Jew found a way to remember Italy, this Italy which is so tolerant and indulgent, even under the firm rule of the Roman Lictor. But all the Zionists speak of a "Jewish people", a "Jewish race" and "Jewish ideals", without the slightest allusion to religion.
We then ask the Italian Jews: are you a religion or are you a nation? This question is not intended to give rise to anti-Semitic riots, but merely to bring to light a problem which I know exists, and which is useless to further ignore. From your answer we shall draw the necessary conclusions.
(Published in II Popolo di Roma, December 16, 1928)
By Benito Mussolini
The discussion I provoked with my article "Religion or Nation?" has garnered significant attention both inside and outside of Italy. I feel that I have a right to reply, and this is a right which I intend to make discrete use of. The letters published by your newspaper have been signed by many prominent men who can be grouped into three distinct categories:
First, the honest and sincere group, namely those Italian Jews who say that they identify as Italians, but happen to be of Jewish ancestry or religion (a similar group exists in Germany, created by Neumann), and if they had to choose between Italy or Jewry, they would choose Italy.
The second group is much less sincere: they are men who would choose Italy, but not out of any conviction or love for the Fatherland, but merely for opportunistic reasons, because they do not want to lose the high positions they occupy in the Italian world.
Finally, the last group of signatories who sent letters to your journal: this group oscillates between Nation and Religion, with a greater inclination towards Nation, i.e. the Jewish Nation. That said, we must now admit that the amount of people who have spoken up are very few in number. How many Jews are there living in Italy?
According to pre-war statistics their number was set at approximately 50,000. But these numbers are no longer accurate. After the conquest of the redeemed lands (Merano, Trieste, Gorizia and Fiume all have strong Jewish communities), in addition to the colony of Libya which has a large number of Jews, we must estimate the number of Jews to be at least 80,000 (out of a total of 42 million inhabitants). Rome alone—home to the oldest Jewish community in Europe—counts some 18 to 20 thousand Jews. Hopefully in the next census, which will be conducted in such a way as to not allow any sneaky loopholes, the true number of Jews will come to light.
Now, please read this carefully. Jewish publications boldly state that Zionism in Italy has a large following among the masses of Italian Jews. Meanwhile, it is curious to note the surprise of some Jews who pretend to have never heard of Zionism and proclaim themselves scandalized at the mere mention of the word 'Zionist'. Now, universal Zionism was born in 1897 and spread to Italy shortly after. The recent Congress of Zionists living in Italy coincided with the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Milanese Zionist Circle, chaired by the playwright Sabatino Lopez. Twenty-five local groups were represented at the Congress. The tone of their speeches is well known. Likewise the content of the posters advertised to Italian Jews. Neither of which would have moved without the intervention of this newspaper. But instead, they all would have continued to feed the movement through subscriptions, adhesions or something else. Some authors of the letters you published speak of religious fanaticism and of literature.
By no means. Italian Zionism is a vast and practical movement that has this as its supreme goal: money and the creation of a Jewish National State in Palestine through the use of intense propaganda. Just so there is no misunderstanding, they want the Palestinian State to be Jewish, just as England is English and so on. Italian Zionism is part of universal Zionism: the Italian Zionists never fail at the International Zionist Congress; and the Zionist leaders—Weissman, Sokoloff and other minor characters—do not neglect Italian Zionism in their messages and visits.
Now, from the Italian point of view, can one consider the statement by Mr. Dante Lattes, President of the Italian Zionist Federation, published in the December 6 edition of this newspaper, as satisfactory? No. We are told of the goals of the Zionists' action in unequivocal terms that do not allow for any doubt: the goal is the establishment of a "Jewish national home in Palestine". Now a nation that is fixed in a determined territory inevitably becomes a State. And this is what the Zionists want. The British Mandate of Palestine is a covert means to this end; a Jewish State is the real goal. The preparations are obvious: from the money to the flag; from the revived Hebrew language to the cities reserved exclusively for Jews, sheltered therefore from the boogeyman of Western assimilation.
As long as Palestinian Zionism is in that phase which I will call "national preparedness", one can fairly admit that this does not necessarily disturb the legal and sentimental relations between the Jews and their fellow citizens of other countries. However, the day when Zionism enters the phase of establishing a National State, then such relationships will have to be radically revised by the governments, since one can not simultaneously belong to two Fatherlands; one can not simultaneously be a citizen of two States. As to the merits claimed by Mr. Lattes and for him by the Italian Zionists regarding the cultural and economic expansion of Italy into Palestine and in the Mediterranean, we would like to see some evidence of this (which has yet to be provided) before addressing it.
To complete this picture, let's take a look at the last issue of the newspaper of the Italian Zionists. We find on the front page in huge letters an announcement that the Haifa Bay has become the inalienable property of the "Jewish people": but the fourth page is even more interesting to read because of the controversy that arose between Passigli, Vice-President of the Jewish the University in Florence, and the director of the newspaper, concerning the two epigraphs dedicated to the Florentine Jews who died in the last war.
The one made in 1920 says that the Florentine Jews shed their blood for "the advent of a greater Italy, and the resurgence of a free and united Israel". As you can see, it speaks of Italy, but never mentions the Fatherland. Now in 1928 the Florentine Jews wanted to clarify this and created a new plaque which no longer speaks vaguely of Italy, but explicitly speaks of the Fatherland. They changed the words to this: "The Florentine Jews died for the greatness of the Fatherland, which for us is Italy".
Analyzing the two versions, it is evident that the one made in 1928 does not lend itself to misunderstandings. So the question is, why was there so much furious anger coming from the newspaper of the Italian Zionists? Is Italy the Fatherland of the Italian Jews, or not? And if it is, then why do they get so irritated if this is engraved on a plaque dedicated to the Fallen?
Mr. Editor, by commenting on the Congress of Italian Zionists, my intention was to provoke a clarification among Italian Jews and to open the eyes of Italian Christians. The Jewish letters that you published led to a backlash in Italian newspapers. My goal has been achieved. A Jewish problem exists, and it is no longer confined to that "shadowy sphere" where it had been cleverly confined by the former, and ingenuously ignored by the latter.
(Published in Il Popolo d'Italia, December 30, 1936)
By Benito Mussolini
Absent-minded people, or those who pretend to be so, ask themselves how anti-Semitism is born, how and why people become anti-Semitic without any prompting from nature. The answer is very simple: anti-Semitism is inevitable wherever Semitism becomes too powerful, too intrusive and too arrogant. The Jew himself is the cause of anti-Jewish sentiment. Do you want an explanation for the revival of anti-Semitism in France? Let's read the article by Beraud in the latest issue of Gringoire, which demonstrates, with a list of names, that in all the ministries of the Republic, under the government headed by the Jew Blum, a Jewish cell has been formed which quietly governs France. Here is the list:
Presidency of the Council. Cabinet: MM. A. Blumel, Jew;
Jules Moch, Jew;
R. Hug, Jew;
Mmes Picard-Moch, Jewess;
Madeleine Osmin, Jewess.
Undersecretary of State. Cabinet: M. Mumber, Jew.
Ministry of State. Cabinet: M. J. Schuler, Jew.
Ministry of Justice. Cabinet: MM. Weil, Jew; Pierre Rodrigues, Jew.
Ministry of the Interior. Cabinet: MM. Bechoff, Jew; Salomon, Jew; Cahen-Salvador, Jew.
Ministry of Finance. Cabinet: M. Weil-Raynal, Jew.
National Education. Cabinet: M. Marcel Abraham, Jew; J. J. Moerer, Jew; E. Wellhof, Jew; Adrienne Weil, Jewess; S. Chaskin, Jewess.
National Economy. Cabinet: Cahen-Salvador, Jew.
Mercantile Marine. Cabinet: M. Gregh, Jew
Agriculture. Cabinet: MM. R. Lyon, Jew; R. Kiefe, Jew; R. Veil, Jew.
Labour. Cabinet: J. F. Dreyfus, Jew.
Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones. Cabinet: MM. Didkowsky, Jew; H. Grimm, Jew.
Public Health. Cabinet: MM. Hazemann, Jew; A. Rozier, Jew; M. Wusler, Jew
Physical Education. Cabinet: M. Endlitz, Jew...
This list of names speaks for itself. Do you know what proportion of the French population is Jewish? Two percent. No one can deny that there is a striking disproportion between the number of Jews and the positions which they occupy. Now invert the percentages. Imagine a France in which two percent of the people were Christians and 98 percent were Jews. Clearly, given the ferocious exclusivism of the tribe, Christians would be totally banished from public life. At the very most, they would be allowed to work like slaves in order to let the Jews rest on the Sabbath.
The forerunner and justifier of anti-Semitism is always and everywhere the same: the Jew, whenever he becomes overbearing, as he so often does.
(Published in Il Popolo d'Italia, December 2, 1934)
By Benito Mussolini
* The relation between Church and State proposed by Mussolini in this essay is at odds with Catholic doctrine on the Social Reign of Christ the King. The reader is encouraged to review the proper order of Church and State in any of the relevant books on our main Resources page. The essay is included here for its historicity, not for its defective theology.
The whole history of Western civilization, from the Roman Empire to modern times, from Diocletian to Bismarck, teaches us that when the State undertakes a fight against a religion, it is the State that will lose in the end. A fight against religion is a fight against the impalpable and the intangible; it is open warfare against the spirit in its most profound and most significant form, and it is by this time fully proven that the weapons at the disposal of the State, no matter how sharp they may be, are powerless to inflict any mortal blows on the Church—and by the Church I mean especially the Catholic Church—which always emerges triumphant after engaging in the most bitter conflicts.
A State can only be victorious in a fight against another State. It can then cement its victory, for example, by imposing a change of regime, a territorial cession, a payment of indemnity, the disarming of the army, or a determined system of political or economic alliances. When fighting against a State, the State is confronted with a material reality that can be seized, struck, mutilated, transformed; but when fighting against a religion it is impossible to locate a particular target: passive resistance on the part of the priests or the faithful is enough to frustrate the most violent attacks by a State. Bismarck, in the eight years of his Kulturkampf, unhappy with the dogma of papal infallibility in religious matters, arrested dozens of bishops, closed hundreds of churches, dissolved many Catholic organizations, and even sequestered their funds; he unleashed a campaign of anti-Roman ideas with the famous slogan "Away from Rome!" and the outcome of this persecution was that one hundred Catholic deputies won seats in the Reichstag, the figure of Windthorst became popularized throughout the world and the moral resistance of the German Catholic world was put on display. In the end Bismarck, the founder of the German Empire, capitulated before Leo XIII, calling him the arbiter of an international dispute and writing him a letter that began with word "Sire". Equally unfortunate was the policy of Napoleon I toward the Church. One of the most serious errors of the great Corsican was that he wished to brutalize two popes and the Vatican.
In the Fascist conception of the totalitarian State, religion is absolutely free and independent in its own sphere. The crazy idea of founding a new religion of the State or of subordinating to the State the religion professed by all Italians has never entered our minds. The duty of the State does not consist in trying to create a new gospel or other dogmas, nor in overthrowing old gods in order to replace them with others called blood, race, nordicism, and the like. The Fascist State does not consider that its duty requires it to intervene in religious matters, and if does happen, then it is only when religion touches on the political or moral order of the State. In modern times and in the countries of white civilization, the State can only assume one of two logical attitudes towards the established Churches: either ignore them, while tolerating all, as happens in the United States; or form a relationship with the Church, through a system of agreements or concordats, which has been done very successfully in Italy. The history of relations between Church and State in Italy from 1870 to 1929 is especially indicative. The Italian State approved the so-called Law of Guarantees, which was never accepted by the Pope. The Italian State adopted a policy of ignoring the Catholic Church. The famous formula of Cavour ("free Church in a free State") was insufficient for a Catholic country like Italy, which also has the privilege of being the seat of a religion with four hundred million adherents in all parts of the world. Cavour's formula was succeeded by the geometric formula of Giolitti, who defined the State and the Church as two never-meeting parallel lines. The so-called Leftist parties began to specialize in demagogic and vulgar acts of anti-clericalism, which brutally penetrated some urban areas, but such propaganda did not effect the great masses of Catholics. It was truly an untenable situation, but despite the separation there were still unofficial contacts between the Quirinal and the Vatican, imposed by the necessities of common life in certain circumstances, such as, for example, the meeting of the cardinals for the succession of the Throne.
In 1929 all of this came to an end with the signing of the Lateran Treaty and the Concordat, which settled the relations between the State and the Holy See, sufficiently and definitively resolving the Roman Question. Six years have passed since February 11, 1929. In the aftermath of the agreements there was no shortage of skepticism by some people. Such skepticism came to a head in 1931, when the agreements were subjected to the wear and tear of a conflict pertaining to the issue of educating the youth. The conflict had several phases, some of them very sharp and lasted several months. But by early September we came to a mutual agreement that satisfied both parties. The dispute may be regarded as the "trial by fire" for the Lateran Pacts. Since then there have been no disturbances; civil and religious peace has been enjoyed by the Italian people. Moreover, a friendly cooperation has developed between the two powers, which both care about the same object: the people. Fascist doctrine is clear on the matter: the State is sovereign and nothing can be outside or against the State, not even religion in its outward expressions and practices, and this is why the Italian bishops take an oath of allegiance to the State; on the other hand, the Church is sovereign in its specific field of activity: the care and salvation of souls. There are moments and activities where the two forces meet. In such cases collaboration is desirable; it is possible and it is productive. How grotesque would it be if a council of cardinals busied itself with the caliber of cannons or the tonnage of cruisers! It would be just as ridiculous if a ministerial cabinet decided to legislate in matters of theology or religious dogma. A State that does not wish to spread spiritual disturbance and create division among its citizens must guard against intervention in matters which are strictly religious. What happened in recent times in Germany is proof positive of the good wisdom of Fascist doctrine and practices. No State is more totalitarian and authoritarian than the Fascist State. No State is more jealous of its sovereignty and its prestige, and precisely for that reason the Fascist State does not feel the need to interfere in matters which are outside its competence and extraneous to its nature. All those who have traveled down this road have, sooner or later, been forced to recognize their error. In my speech before the Second Quinquennial Assembly of the Fascist Regime, I intentionally declared that he who undermines or disturbs the religious unity of a people commits a capital crime against the Nation.