The Jews were expelled from Spain in the week of April 29, 1492 A.D., and it had nothing to do with lunar ‘Blood Moon’ superstitions so prevalent today. After tolerating Jewish collusion with the Muslims during the Reconquista and the Church and State subversions by the Marranos (pretended converts from Judaism, literally “swine”), the last straw for the people of Spain was the ritual murder of the Holy Child of La Guardia, following so closely on the similar ritual murder of a child in Saragossa. Throughout Europe, many cases of Jewish ritual murder of Christian children have been documented. St. Simon of Tent in Italy is one of the best known and best documented instances.
The Jews desperately suppress documentation of their ritual murders, even go so far as to call the evidence a libel, but the truth resurfaces.
“... many well-documented cases of massacres of Christians and mock repetitions of the crucifixion of Jesus on Purim, most of which occurred either in the late ancient period or in the Middle Ages. (Some isolated cases occurred in sixteenth-century Poland.)”
Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel,
An English translation is available at
A very detailed review of the book:
Courtesy of Tradition in Action’s book review, a listing of the ritual murders catalogued by Dr. Toaff:
As you would expect, documentation of numerous ritual murders of Christian children by Jews, especially documentation provided by the son of the former Chief Rabbi of Rome, caused an enormous furor. Initially Dr. Toaff courageously stood tall promising to stand by his findings from medieval archives, but he suffered death threats and threats of prosecution by the Israeli Knesset. Within a week, publication of his first edition was stopped and the books were recalled from bookstores. Dr. Toaff promised—and provided—a heavily revised second edition, bleated that he had been misunderstood, and promised all the profits of his revised edition to the Anti-Defamation League.
Fortunately, enough copies of the first edition survived to be distributed in the original Italian and in translations that are readily available online. Of course, the revised second edition is readily available to anyone who would want it.
The risible premise in the revised edition is that Christian children died at the hands of Jews, but that the children were voluntary donors of blood and things just accidentally went wrong. The second edition is meticulously deconstructed with exact quotes here:
Excerpt from the preamble to the deconstruction:
ARIEL TOAFF AND THE NEWLY INVENTED FAIRY TALE OF THE “VOLUNTARY DONORS”
Revised 24 February 2011
Prof. Toaff has since partially recanted, and now maintains that:
• yes, Jews are a corrupting and disruptive element in society;
• yes, Jews lend money at 40% and seem to do little else;
• yes, Jews buy and sell justice with huge bribes;
• yes, Jews pull off all sorts of fraudulent bankruptcies and swindles;
• yes, Jews resort to poisoning and assassination when thwarted;
• yes, Jews are obsessed with hatred for Christians and the Christian religion;
• yes, Jews kidnapped and castrated Christian boys on a large scale and sold them into slavery in Islamic Spain for centuries;
• yes, Jews used [and still use?] human blood in all sorts of quack remedies, despite the Biblical prohibition, even for minor complaints;
• yes, Jews used [and still use?] Christian human blood in their matzoh balls at Passover;
• yes, Jews used [and still use?] Christian human blood in their wine at Passover;
• yes, the blood had to be from Christian boys no more than 7 years of age;
• yes, the blood had [has?] to be certified kosher by a rabbi;
• yes, there was [is?] a large and profitable trade in fake blood products and animal blood, which were [are?] unsuitable to the purpose;
• yes, Christians tried to sell the blood of Christian boys to Jews, but were rejected because the Jews feared it was animal blood; but no, no Christian boys were ever killed to obtain the blood. Never, never! Or hardly ever. It all came from “voluntary donors”!
Though the Israeli press initially documented the duress to which Dr. Toaff was subjected, duress that forced him to recant, that press coverage has conveniently (for the perpetrators of the duress) been largely “disappeared.”
A salient example is the article ‘Blood Libel’ Author halts press by Matthew Wagner & AP, originally in the February 14, 2007 edition of The Jerusalem Post. The article was originally available at the Jerusalem Post and is even mentioned in the Wikipedia entry on Dr. Ariel Toaff (see footnote #12), but the article was subsequently “disappeared” from not only The Jerusalem Post, but was also “disappeared” from encyclopedia.com. The article remains archived at https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-135137120.html, but requires a paid subscription for access. The content is quoted in several sites and can be found by searching for for ‘Blood Libel’ Author halts press.
Some reports have survived:
Historian angers Jews by probing medieval accusations of anti-Christian hatred
By Ariel David, USA Today, 2/10/2007
The Bloody Passovers of Dr Toaff
By Israel Shamir
Bloody Passovers of Dr Toaff – follow up
By Israel Shamir
Bloodcurdling Libel (a Summer Story)
By Israel Shamir
And if it’s not good for the Jews?
By Lily Galili
MKs seek to try Prof. Toaff over claims in blood libel book
Kadima MK Solodkin: There are grounds to indict Toaff and file civil suits for harm to the Jewish people.
By Ofri Ilani
The wayward son
The Jewish community in Italy is struggling to understand how the son of a legendary rabbi could give credence to the blood libels. The father of Prof. Ariel Toaff, Rabbi Elio Toaff, is equally bewildered.
By Adi Schwartz
Author of blood libel book holds distribution to make changes
By Ofri Ilani
While the Always Innocent Perpetual Victims wailed that the perpetrators of St. Simon’s ritual crucifixion and bloodletting murder had been tortured—as indeed they had been—they were at pains to explain what Toaff had adduced, that those who had been tortured revealed the as-yet-unknown location of St. Simon’s corpse. Had torture miraculously infused such knowledge?
Too, the “blood libel” claimants pass off the confessions as a tell-me-what-you-want-me-to-say phenomenon, but, not only did the perpetrators reveal the location of St. Simon’s mutilated little body, but Toaff documented that the perpetrators also revealed secret aspects of Judaic rituals that could not have been known to the torturers.
Denials, bribery, rent garments, death threats, etc.—the modus operandi is repeated throughout history whether it is the ritual murder of Fr. Thomas in Damascus, the trial of Leo Frank for the murder of little Mary Phagan (the event that spawned the Anti-Defamation League), or the recent Israeli “Defense” Force’s involvement with the rabbis’ murder-for-organ-harvesting crime syndicate.
One thing that is interesting because it was “missing in action” from all the furor was Toaff’s documentation of Judaic culture in the time of St. Simon of Trent. It is not just a ritual murder cult that Toaff documented, but a wicked Jewish culture pervaded by perversion and criminality, including prostitution, violent extortion, and murder-for-hire, especially by physician poisoners. Toaff freely stipulated such a hellish culture, but not a peep was ever mentioned about that in all the propaganda against him and his book.
by Alec Luhn, The Telegraph, November 28, 2017
The Hebrew reads: “This is a sacrificial animal so is my cleansing; it will be my replacement and cleansing the victim.”
See: Jewish Murder of the Russian Imperial Family
on the tail of the ritual murder by Jews of a child in Saragossa, Spain, another infamy, the ritual murder by Jews of the
Holy Child of La Guardia
sentence read before the execution of the Jew Juce Franco for his role in the ritual murder of the Holy Child of La Guardia in Spain, 1492 A.D.
It has been clearly proven that the Jew Juce Franco did seduce some Christians [false converts from Judaism, “Marranos”] to the rites and ceremonies of the Law of Moses by teaching them Jewish prayers, praying in Hebrew to the Creator to whom he commended them, and telling them that the Law of Moses was the true law, whereas the Law of Christ was false. He also taught them the times of the Jewish Passover and other Fasts, and explained to them why the Jews did not eat certain meats. He further did communicate to and participate with these same Christians [Marranos] in other mysteries of his Jewish law, serving them Jewish foods and wine, eating and drinking with them the better to confirm them in the Law of Moses. …This Juce Franco personally took part, together with other Jews and with Christians [Marranos], in the crucifixion –at night and in a secret cave– of an innocent Christian boy. They stretched out his arms and legs on two boards arranged in the form of a Cross. Then they flogged him, spat on him, beat him, tore out the pieces of his flesh, and put a crown of thorns on his head. This Juce Franco, with his own hands seized the bleeding boy by the arm, cut open his side with a knife, and took out his heart. Then he beat him and tore his flesh in memory and vituperation of the Sacred Passion of Jesus Christ our Redeemer, uttering curses and insults on the Person of Christ as though He were actually on the Cross. And while they were flogging the said youth, they said to him: “This traitor and deceiver, when he preached, spoke lies against the Law of God and the Law of Moses.”
“Now you will pay for the things you said and did in that ancient time. You thought you would abase us and exalt yourself, for which you shall suffer even more evil than this. You thought you would destroy us, but we will destroy you. Crucify him. crucify him,this dog, this swindler, this deceiver, and bewitcher! He called himself King of the Jews. But he was a mere man, like any other, a bastard born in adultery, the son of a corrupt and adulterous woman. He tried to destroy the Jews and their Law, but it is he who will be destroyed by us, for coming to turn the Jews into Christians with his deceptions and witchcraft.” These words and vituperations this Juce Franco and the other Jews first taught to these Christians [Marranos], who then imitated these Jews in the same manner, repeating the same vituperations and others of the same kind. And after the child had been tortured and crucified by this Juce Franco and the others, they killed him, took him down from the Cross, and took him away and secretly buried him that same night where no one could find him. Some days later this Jew, Juce Franco, and all his other accomplices in this crime, met together secretly in the same cave, where they performed certain conjuring and experiments in witchcraft with the heart of the dead boy and a consecrated Communion wafer. They performed these conjurings with the perverted and diabolical intention of making the Inquisitors against heretical depravity together with all other Christians go mad and die of madness, and of subverting, and destroying and killing the Holy Faith of Jesus.
Longhurst, John Edward. “The Ritual Murder of La Guardia,”
The Age of Torquemada. The Library of Iberian Resources Online, XI: 149-152.
The Last Crusader: Isabella of Spain by William Thomas Walsh (Rockford IL: Tan Books, 1987) Chapter 25, “The Crucifixion of the Holy Child of La Guardia Hastens Isabel’s Decision to Expel All the Jews from Spain - a Cause Célèbre,” 342-372
A Child Murder Case From Long Ago
By Harrell Rhome [a gnostic], M.Div., Ph.D.
Oddly, even an Oprah Winfrey broadcast concerned ritual murder by Jews:
“The accidental or contrived disappearance of a Christian child was of vital concern to the nearest Jewish community. It had to be redeemed by Jewish blood or at the very least by Jewish money, which sometimes permitted the matter to be dropped. A secret fund, the alilloth seker (fund for bloody calumnies), set up by the Council of the Four Nations, served chiefly for this purpose.” The History of Anti-Semitism (Volume 1–From the Time of Christ to the Court Jews) by Léon Poliakov, U. Penn Press, 1955, page 272.
Israelites sacrificing children to Moloch.
St. Simon of Trent
The ritual murder of St. Simon of Trent
The ritual murder of St. Simon of Trent
Jewess invites 8 year old St. Hugh into the garden
ritual crucifixion of Little St. Hugh of Lincoln
St. William of Norwich
ritual murder of St. William of Norwich
St. William of Norwich
Tomb of Fr. Tomaso of Damascus
Fr. Tomaso of Damascus and his servant Ibrahim Amara, ritually murdered, “The Matzoh of Zion”
the murder of 14 year old Mary Phagan by the Jew Leo Frank preceded the founding of the ADL
ritual murder and mutilation of Andrei Yushchinsky
One of many Israeli and US rabbis arrested by the FBI for trafficking in harvested Palestinian organs
Jews sacrifice children to Moloch: Jeremiah 32:35; II Kings 23:10; 17:31; 21:6; Ezekiel 16:21; 20:26
Jews sacrifice children to Moloch: Jeremiah 32:35; II Kings 23:10; 17:31; 21:6; Ezekiel 16:21; 20:26
16 - 16
Martirio di San Simonino da Trento, Giovanni Gasparo, 2020 A.D.
“This secret of the blood is not known to all the Jews, but only to the Chakam (doctors) or the rabbis and the scholars, who therefore carry the title ‘Conservators of the mystery of the blood’. They pass it on by word of mouth to the Jewish fathers. They in turn reveal it to their sons who regard this as a great honor. At the same time they make terrible threats of punishment if one of them betrays this secret. When I was thirteen years old,” recalls Teofito, “my father took me aside, led me into a room, where nobody could listen, and after he described to me the hatred of Christians he taught me that God ordered the Christians to be slaughtered and to collect their blood….‘My son,’ he said (as he kissed me), ‘With this confession I have placed my trust in you.’ With these words, he put a crown on my head and explained to me the Blood Secret, adding that Jehovah had revealed it to the Hebrews and commanded them to practice it...I was, in the future, the possessor of the most important secret of the Hebrew religion.…Thereafter followed the curses and threats of punishment if I should ever reveal this secret to anyone, neither my mother nor my sister nor brothers or future wife; but only to one of my future sons who was the most wise, eager, and most suitable. In this way the secret shall be inherited from father to son until the farthest descendant.”
1160 A.D., The Jews of Gloucester crucified a child (Mons Germ. hist. Script 520)
1179 A.D., In Pontoise, on March 25th before Passover, the Jews butchered and drained St. Richard’s body of blood. Due to this, the Jews were expelled from France. (Rob. of Turn., Rig.u.Guillel. Amor.)
1181 A.D., In London, around Easter, near the church of St. Edmund, the Jews murdered a child by the name of Roertus. (Acta sanct, III March Vol., 591)
1181 A.D., In Saragossa, the Jews murdered a child named Dominico. (Blanca Hispania illustrata, tom. III, p. 657)
1191 A.D., The Jews of Braisme crucified a Christian who had accused them of robbery and murder, after they had previously dragged him through the town. Due to this King Philip Augustus, who had personally come to Braisme, burned eighty of them. (rigordus, Hist. Gall.)
1220 A.D., In Weissenburg, in Alsace, on the 29th of June, the Jews murdered a boy, St. Heinrich. (Murer, Helvetia sancta.)
1225 A.D., In Munich a woman, enticed by Jewish gold, stole a small child from her neighbor. The Jews drained the blood from the child. Caught in her second attempt, the criminal was handed over to the courts. (Meichelbeck, Hist. Bavariae II. 94)
1235 A.D., the Jews committed the same crime on December 1st in Erfut. (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang, 66)
1236 A.D., In Hagenau in Alsace, three Christian boys from the region of Fulda were attacked by the Jews in a mill during the night and killed in order to obtain their blood. (Trithemius; Chronicle of Albert of Strassburg)
1239 A.D., A general uprising in London because of a murder committed secretly by the Jews. (Matthew v. Paris, Grande Chron.)
1240 A.D., In Norwich the Jews circumcised a Christian child and kept him hidden in the ghetto in order to crucify him later. After a long search, the father found his child and reported it to the Bishop Wilhelm of Rete. (Matthew v. Paris, op. cit. V. 39)
1244 A.D., In St. Benedict’s churchyard in London, the corpse of a boy was found which bore cuts and scratches and, in several places, Hebrew characters. He had been tortured and killed; and his blood had been drained. Baptized Jews, forced to interpret the Hebrew signs, found the name of the child’s parents and read that the child had been sold to the Jews when it was very young. Distinguished Jews left the city in secret. The Catholic Church venerated the Martyr under the name of St. Paul.
1250 A.D., The Jews of Saragossa adopted the horrible dogma that everyone who deliverd a Christian child for sacrifice would be freed from all taxes and debts. In June, 1250, Moses Albay-Huzet (Also called Albajucetto) delivered the 7-year-old Dominico del Val to the Jews for crucifixion. (Johan. a Lent, Schedias, hist. de pseudomes, judæorum, p. 33)
1255 A.D., At Lincoln, in England, on Peter and Paul’s Day, 8-year-old St. Hugh was stolen by the local Jews, hidden, and later crucified. The Jews beat him with rods for so long that he almost lost all his blood. (Acta santa 6 July 494)
1257 A.D., So that they could commit their annual sacrifice, the Jews of London butchered a Christian child. (Cluvirius, epitome historiarum, p. 541. col I)
1260 A.D., The Jews of Weissenburg killed a child (Annal. Colmariens)
1261 A.D., In Pforzheim a 7-year-old girl who had been delivered to the Jews, was laid on a linen cloth and stabbed on her limbs in order to soak the cloth with blood. Afterwards the corpse was thrown into the river. (Thomas, Cantipratanus, de ratione Vitæ.)
1279 A.D., The most respectable Jews of London crucified a Christian child on April 2nd. (Florent de Worcester, Chron. 222)
1279 A.D., The crucifixion of a Christian child at Northampton after unheard-of tortures. (Henri Desportes Le mystere du sang, 67)
1282 A.D., In Munich the Jews purchased a small boy and stabbed him all over his body. (Rader., Bavar. sancta I. Bd. p. 315)
1283 A.D., A child was sold by his nurse to the Jews of Mainz , who killed it. (Baroerus ad annum No. 61. Annalen von Colmar)
1286 A.D., In Munich the Jews martyred two boys. The wooden synagogue was encircled with fire and 180 Jews burnt to death. (Murer, Helvetia sancta.)
1286 A.D., In April, at Oberwesel on the Rhine, 14-year-old St. Werner was slowly tortured to death by the Jews over a period of 3 days. (Act. sct. II. Bd. b. Apr. p. 697 bis 740.)
1287 A.D., The Jews in Bern kidnapped St. Rudolf at the Passover, horribly tortured the child and finally slit his throat. (Hein, Murer, Helvetia sancta.)
1292 A.D., In Colmar, the Jews killed a boy. (Ann. Colm., II, 30)
1293 A.D., In Krems, the Jews sacrificed a child. Two of the murderers were punished; the others saved themselves through the power of gold. (Monum. XI, 658)
1294 A.D., In Bern, the Jews murdered a child again. (Ann Colm., II, 32; Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang, p. 70)
1302 A.D., In Reneken the same crime. (Ann. Colm. II, 32)
1303 A.D., At Weissensee in Thuringen the young student Conrad, the son of a soldier, was killed at Easter. His muscles were cut to pieces and his veins were opened in order to drain all his blood.
1305 A.D., In Prague, around Easter, a Christian, who was forced by poverty to work for the Jews, was nailed to a cross; while naked, he was beaten with rods and spat on in the face. (Tentzel)
1320 A.D., In Puy, a choirboy of the local church was sacrificed.
1321 A.D., In annecy a young priest was killed. The Jews were expelled from the town by a decree of King Phillip V. (Denis de Saint-Mart.)
1331 A.D., At Uberlingen in present-day Baden the Jews threw the son of a citizen named Frey into a well. The incisions found later on the body proved that previous to this his blood had been drained. (Joh. Vitoduran, Chronik.)
1338 A.D., The Jews butchered a noble from Franconia in Munich. His brother prepared a veritable bloodbath for the Jews. (Henri Desport)
1345 A.D., In Munich, the Jews opened the veins of a little boy Heinrich, and stabbed him more than 60 times. The church canonized Heinrich. (Rad. Bav. sct. II p. 333)
1347 A.D., In Messina a child was crucified on Good Friday. (Henri Desport)
1349 A.D., The Jews wanted to attack and kill Christians assembled in their church at Rothenburg. A Jew’s maidservant exposed the Jewish murder plot, and the Christians stormed out of their church and killed all the Jews. (Ziegler, Schauplatz p. 396 col. 1,2. Eisenmenger, entdecktes Judentum II, p. 219)
1350 A.D., The boy Johannes, a student of the monastic school of St. Sigbert in Cologne, drew his last breath after being stabbed by local Jews. (Acta sancta., aus den Kirchenakten v. Koln.)
1380 A.D., At Hagenbach in Swabia several Jews were surprised while butchering a Christian child. (Martin Crusius, Yearbook of Swabia, Part III, Book V)
1401 A.D., At Diessenhofen in Switzerland (near Schaffhausen), 4-year-old Conrad Lory was murdered. His blood was said to have been sold by the groom Johann Zahn for 3 florins to the Jew Michael Vitelman. (Acta sancta.)
1407 A.D., The Jews were expelled from Switzerland because of a similar crime in the same region. (ibid.)
1410 A.D., In Thuringia the Jews were driven out because of ritual murder that was discovered. (Boll. II, April 838. Baronius 31)
1429 A.D., At Ravensburg in Wurttemberg, Ludwig van Bruck, a Christian boy from Switzerland who was studying in the town and living among the Jews, was martyred by 3 Jews amid numerous tortures and sexual violations. This happened during a big Jewish festival (Passover) between Easter and Whitsun. (Baron. 31, Acta sancta. III. Bd. des April p. 978)
1440 A.D., A Jewish doctor in Pavia, Simon of Ancona, beheaded a four-year-old child who was kidnapped and brought to him by a degenerate Christian. The crime became notorious when a dog jumped out of a window into the street with the child’s head. The murderer escaped. (Alphonsus Spina, de bello Judæorum lib. III. confid. 7.)
1452 A.D., In Savona, several Jews killed a 2-year-old Christian child. They pierced his whole body and collected the blood in the vessel they used for the circumcision of their children. the Jews dripped small pieces of sliced fruit into the blood and enjoyed a meal of them. (Alphonsus Spina, de bello Judæorum lib. III, confid. 7.)
1453 A.D., In Breslau, the Jews stole a child, fattened him and put him in a barrel lined with nails, which they rolled back and forth in order to draw the child’s blood. (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang, 75)
1454 A.D., On the estates of Louis of Almanza in Castile, two Jews killed a Christian boy. They tore out his heart and burned it; threw the ashes into wine which they drank with their co-religionists. By spending considerable sums they succeeded in delaying the trial, since two of the three lawyers were of Jewish descent. Thereafter the Jews were banished from Spain. (Alphonsus Spina, de bello Judæorum)
1462 A.D., In a birchwood at Rinn near Innsbruck the boy Andreas Oxner was sold to the Jews and sacrificed. The church canonized him. A chapel called “Zum Judenstein” (‘To the Jews’ Rock’) was built. (Acta sancta., III. July Vol I. 472)
1468 A.D., At Sepulveda, in Old Castile, the Jews crucified a Christian woman on Good Friday upon the order of the Rabbi Solomon Pecho. (Did. de Colm. Gesch. v. Seg.)
1470 A.D., In Baden the Jews were convicted of the murder of a Christian child. (Tho. Patr. Barbar.)
1475 A.D., In Trent on March 23rd (Maundy Thursday) before Passover, the Jews sacrificed a 29-month-old baby, St. Simon.
1476 A.D., The Jews in Regensburg murdered six children. The judge, in the underground vault of a Jew named Josfol, found the remains of the murdered victims as well as a stone bowl speckled with blood on a kind of altar. (Raderus Bavaria sancta Band III, 174)
1480 A.D., In Treviso, a crime similar to the one in Trent was committed: the murder of the canonized Sebastiano of Porto-Buffole from Bergamo. The Jews drained his blood. (H. Desportes, Le mystere du sang 80)
1480 A.D., At Motta in Venice the Jews killed a child at Easter. (Acta sancta I. Bd d. April 3)
1485 A.D., In Vicenza, the Jews butchered St. Laurentius. (Pope Benedict XIV Bull. Beatus Andreas)
1490 A.D., At La Guardia, near Toledo, the Jews crucified a child. (Acta sancta I. Bd. d. April 3)
1494 A.D., At Tyrnau in Hungary, 12 Jews seized a Christian boy, opened his veins, and carefully collected his blood. They drank some of it and preserved the rest for their co-religionists. (Banfin Fasti, ungar. br. III. Dec. 5)
1503 A.D., In Langendenzlingen a father handed his 4-year-old child over to two Jews from Waldkirchen in Baden for 10 florins under the condition that he would be returned alive after a small amount of blood had been drained. However, they drained so much blood from the child that it died. (Acta sancta. II Bd. des April p. 839: Dr. Joh. Eck, Judebbuchlien)
1505 A.D., A crime, similar to the one in Langendenzlingen in 1503, was attempted at Budweis in Bohemia. (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang. 81)
1509 A.D., Several Jews profaned the host brought from a sanctuary dealer and murdered several Christian children. (Cluverius, Epitome hist. etc. p. 579)
1509 A.D., The Jews in Bosingen (Hungary) kidnapped the child of a wheelwright, dragged him to the cellar, tortured him horribly, opened all his veins and sucked out the blood with quills. Afterwards they threw his body in a hedge, which the Jews admitted after repeated denials. (Ziegler Schonplatz p. 588, col. 1,2)
1510 A.D., In Berlin, the Jews Salomon, Jacob, Aaron, Levi Isaac, Rabbi Mosch and the butcher Jacob were accused of buying a three- or four-year-old Christian boy for 10 florins from a stranger, laying him on a table in a cellar, and puncturing him with needles in the large blood-rich veins until he was finally slaughtered by the butcher Jacob. An enormous trial began, and eventually a hundred Jews were locked in the Berlin prison. They partially admitted to having bought Christian children from strangers, stabbing them, draining their blood, and drinking the blood in case of illness or preserving it with tomatoes, ginger, and honey. No fewer than 41 of the accused Jews were sentenced to death-by-burning after their confession. All the other Jews were banished from the Mark of Brandenburg. (Richard Mun: ‘The Jews in Berlin’)
1520 A.D., The Jews in Hungary repeated the crime of 1494 by murdering a Christian child in Tyrnau and Biring, and draining its blood. (Acta sancta II. Bd. d. April p. 839)
1525 A.D., A ritual murder in Budapest caused a widespread movement among the population. In this year the Jews were expelled from Hungary (Henry Desportes, Le mystere du sang 81)
1540 A.D., At Sappenfeld in Bavaria, 4-year-old michael Pisenharter was kidnapped from his father before Easter and taken to Titting (North of Ingolstadt), where he suffered the most horrible tortures for three days, his veins were opened and his blood drained. The corpse showed signs of a crucifixion. The blood was found in Posingen. (Raderus, Bavaria sancta. III. Bd. 176f)
1547 A.D., At Rava in Poland 2 Jews stole a tailor’s boy named michael and crucified him. (Acta sancta II. Bd. April p. 839)
1569 A.D., In Vitov (Poland) Johann, the 2-year-old son of the widow Kozmianina, was savagely murdered by Jacob, a Jew of Leipzig. (Acta sancta ebenda.)
1571 A.D., M.A. Bradaginus was butchered by the Jews. (Seb. Munster, Cosmographia)
1571 A.D., Joachim II, Elector of Brandenburg, was poisoned by a Jew with whom he had a trusting association. (Scheidanus X. Buch. seiner Hist. pag. 60)
1573 A.D., In Berlin a child who had been purchased from a beggar was tortured to death by a Jew. (Sartorious p. 53)
1574 A.D., At Punia in Latvia, the Jew Joachim Smierlowitz killed a 7-year-old girl called Elizabeth shortly before Passover. An inscription and a painting in the Chapel of the Holy Cross at Wilna proves that the child’s blood was mixed with flour which was used in the preparation of Easter cakes. At about this time a Christian boy in Zglobice was stolen and taken to Tarnow, where another Christian boy was found in the hands of the Jews under suspicious circumstances: both were freed in time. (Act. sancta II. Bd. d. April p. 839)
1575 A.D., The Jews killed a child, Michael of Jacobi. (Desportes)
1586 A.D., In a series of cases Christian children were snatched away from their parents and killed; by breaking down these crimes, Rupert traced them back to the Jews. (Brouver Trier’schen Ann. v. J. 1856)
1592 A.D., At Wilna, a 7-year-old Christian boy, Simon, was horribly tortured to death by the Jews. More than 170 wounds, made by knives and scissors, were found on his body, besides the numerous cuts under his finger- and toe-nails. (Acta sancta III. Bd. des Juli)
1595 A.D., At Costyn in Posen a child was tortured to death by the Jews. (Acta sancta 389)
1597 A.D., In Szydlov the blood of a child was used in the consecration of a new synagogue. They eyelids, neck, veins, limbs, and even the sexual organs of the child showed countless punctures. (Acta sancta, II Bd. des April)
1598 A.D., In the village of Wodznick, in the Polish province of Podolia, the 4-year-old Roman Catholic son of a farmer was stolen by two young Jews and butchered four days before the Jewish Passover by the most horrible tortures in which the most respected Jews of the community took part. (Acta sancta, II Band des April 835)
1650 A.D., At Kaaden in Steiermark, 5½-year-old Mathias Tillich was butchered by a Jew on March 11th. (Tentzel)
1655 A.D., At Tunguch in Lower Germany the Jews murdered a Christian child for their Easter celebration. (Tentzel, monatl. Unterred. v. Juli 1693 p. 553)
1665 A.D., In Vienna the Jews butchered a woman on the 12th of May in the most dreadful way. The corpse was found in a pond in a sack weighted with stones. It was completely covered with wounds, decapitated and the legs were cut off below the knees. (H.A. von Ziegler, Tagl. Schaupl. p. 553)
1669 A.D., On the way from Metz to Boulay, near the village of Glatigny, on Sept. 22nd, a 3-year-old child was stolen from his mother by the Jew Raphael Levy. He was horribly butchered. His body was found viciously mutilated. The murderer was burned alive on Jan. 17th in 1670. (Abrege du proces fait aux Juifs de Metz, ebd. 1670)
1675 A.D., At Miess in Bohemia a 4-year-old Christian child was murdered by the Jews on March 12th. (Acta sancta II. Bd. des April)
1684 A.D., In the village of Grodno, Minsk government in Russia, the Jew Schulka stole the 6-year-old Christian boy Gabriel and carried him to Bialystock where, in the presence of several Jews, he was tortured to death and his blood drained. (Records of the magistrate at Zabludvo)
1753 A.D., On Good Friday, the 20th of April, in a village near Kiev (Russia), the 3½-year-old son of the nobleman Studzinski was kidnapped by the Jews, hidden in a tavern until the end of the Sabbath, and then monstrously sacrificed with the help of the Rabbi Schmaja. The blood was poured into several bottles. (Criminal Register of the City Court of Kiev)
1764 A.D., The 10-year-old son of Johann Balla, who had disappeared on the 19th of June from Orkul (Hungary), was found in a neighboring wood covered with many wounds. (Tisza-Eslar, von einem ungarischen Ubgeordneten 108)
1791 A.D., On the 21st of February, the corpse of 13-year-old Andreas Takals, who lived with a Jew named Abraham, was found outside a village near Tasnad (Siebenburgen). The blood had been drained from him by severing his jugular vein. (Ger.-Akt i.d. Archiv. v. Zilah.)
1791 A.D., At the same time two blood murders were reported at Holleschau (Moravia) and at Woplawicz in the District of Duplin. (Tisza-Eslar, v.e. ungar. Abgeord.)
1791 A.D., During the reign of Sultan Selim III, the Jews in Pera killed a young Greek by hanging him from a tree by his legs. (Henri Desportes)
1803 A.D., On March 10th, the 72-year-old Jew Hirsch from Sugenheim seized a 2-year-old child between Ullstadt and Lengenfeld in Buchof near Nuremberg. Several days later the Jew denied having been in Buchhof at all on March 10th. The father of the child, who wanted to prove the contrary with witnesses, was rebuffed in court with threats and insults. On the 12th day the child was found dead, his tongue sliced and his mouth full of blood. The Jews besieged the district governor of Newstadt at that time until the matter turned out to their satisfaction. The father was forced under threats to sign a protocol, to which it attested that the child, still warm when he was found, had frozen to death. (Friedr. Oertel, “Was glauben die Juden?” Bamberg, 1823)
1804 A.D., In Grafenberg near Nuremberg a 2 to 3-year-old boy was kidnapped by an old Jew from Ermreuth by the name of Bausoh. Soldiers hurried to prevent the crime after hearing the child’s scream. (Dr. J. W. Chillany)
1810 A.D., Among the records of the Damascus trial a letter exists from John Barker, ex-consul of Aleppo, which speaks of a poor Christian who suddenly disappeared from Aleppo. The Hebrew Raphael of Ancona was charged with having butchered her and draining all of her blood. (A. Laurent. Affaires de Syrie)
1812 A.D., On the island Corfu in October three Jews who had strangled a child were condemned to death. Some time later, the child of a Greek, called Riga, was stolen and killed by the Jews. (Achille Laurent, Affaires de Syrie)
1817 A.D., The Indictment of the murder committed in this year against the little girl Marianna Adamoviez, was quashed due to a lapse of time.
1823 A.D., On the 22nd of April, at Velisch in the Russian government of Vitebsk, the 3½- year-old son of the invalid Jemelian Ivanov was stolen, tortured to death, and his blood drained. Despite a great deal of statements by witnesses charging the Jews, the trial was suddenly stopped. (Pavlikovsky, ebenda.)
1824 A.D., In Beirut the interpreter Fatch-allah-Seyegh was murdered by his Jewish landlord, as the investigation established, for ritual purposes.
1826 A.D., In Warsaw a murdered 5-year-old boy was found whose body had more than a hundred wounds showing that his blood had been drained. The whole of Warsaw was in a state of insurrection; everywhere the Jews protested their innocence without having been accused. The depositions made to the courts, together with the medical evidence, were removed from the documents. (Pavlikovski, wie oben p. 282)
1827 A.D., At Vilna in Russia the stabbed corpse of a farmer’s child, Ossib Petrovicz, was found. According to the testimony of the 16-year-old shepherd Zulovski, he was kidnapped by the Jews. (Nach einer Mitteilung des gouvernement Vilna.)
1829 A.D., In Turin the wife of the merchant Antoine Gervalon was kidnapped from her husband. In the cellar she was prepared for her sacrifice by two rabbis. With her last bit of strength she answered her husband who was going through the Jewish quarter with several soldiers, calling her name aloud. Thus, she was freed. However, the Jews managed to hush up the incident with money. (Auszug aus einem Briefe des Barons von Kalte )
1831 A.D., Killing of the daughter of a corporal of the Guard in St. Petersburg. Four judges recognized it as a blood murder, while a fifth doubted it. (Desportes)
1834 A.D., According to the Testimony of Jewess Ben Nound who converted to Christianity, an old Gentile man in Tripoli was tied up by 4 or 5 Jews and hanged from an orange tree by his toes. At the moment when the old man was close to death the Jews cut his throat with a butcher knife and let the body hang until all the blood had been collected into a bowl. (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang. 91)
1839 A.D., On the Island of Rhodes, and 8-year-old merchant’s boy, who was delivering eggs to some Jews, did not return. Jewish money power took effect, and the court proceedings were delayed and finally suppressed. (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang. 92)
1839 A.D., In Damascus the customs office discovered a Jew carrying a bottle of blood. The Jew offered 10,000 piastres in order to hush up the affair. (cf. Prozess bei A. Laurent, op. cit. S. 301)
1843 A.D., Murders of Christian children by the Jews on Rhodes, Corfu and elsewhere. (Famont L’Egypte sous Mehemet Ali, Paris, 1843)
1875 A.D., At Zboro, in the county of Saros in Hungary, several Jews attacked the 16-year-old servant girl Anna Zampa in the house of her master, Horowitz. The knife was already raised above her when a coachman accidentally intervened, thus saving her. The court President, Bartholomaus Winkler, who was in debt to the Jews, was afraid to bring the criminals to justice.
1877 A.D., In the village of Szalaacs, in the country of Bihar (Hungary), Josef Klee’s 6-year-old niece, Theresia Szaabo, and his 9-year-old nephew, Peter Szaabo, were murdered by the Jews. However, a Jewish doctor held the inquest, who declared the children were not murdered, thus ending the affair. (M. Onody, ebenda.)
1879 A.D., In Budapest, before the Purim feast, a young servant girl in the Jewish Quarter was put to sleep with a drink. 24 hours after the feast, she woke up so weak she could hardly walk. On her right forearm, her left thigh, and her body below the navel she discovered red circular wounds like spots of blood, with small openings in the center. Blood had been drained from her. (M. Onody, ebenda.)
1879 A.D., At Kutais in the Caucasus, 4 Jewish image sellers killed a 6-year-old girl. Between her fingers had been cut with a knife; on her legs, a little above the calf, horizontal incisions had been made, and there was not one drop of blood in her veins. With the aid of the powerful Jews of Russia the guilty ones escaped punishment. (Univers.)
1881 A.D., At Kaschau in Hungary the daughter of a certain Josef Koczis disappeared. Two weeks later the body was found in a well completely emptied of blood. (M. Onody, Tisza-Eszlar)
1881 A.D., In Steinamanger the 8-year-old granddaughter of a coachman who worked for the Jews disappeared. (M. Onody, evenda.)
1881 A.D., In Alexandria the Jews again killed a Christian child called Evangelio Fornoraki. The parents of the strangled child, discovered on the sea-shore, allowed a post-mortem examination which lasted several days and was the cause of riots against the Jews. The Baruch family, prime suspects in the murder, were arrested, but later released. (Civita cattolica, von des. 1881)
1881 A.D., In the Galician town of Lutscha, the Polish maid servant Franziska Muich, who worked for the Jewish tavern-keeper Moses Ritter, and had been raped by him, was murdered by Moses and his wife, Gittel Ritter, according to the testimony of the farmer Mariell Stochlinski. (Otto Glogau, der Kulturk. Heft. 128. 15. Febr. 1886)
1882 A.D., At Tisza-Eszlar, shortly before the Jewish Passover, the 14-year-old Christian girl Esther Solymosi disappeared. Since the girl was last seen nearby the synagogue, suspicion was directed immediately on the Jews. The two sons of the temple-servant Josef Scharf, 5-year-old Samuel and the 14-year-old Moritz, accused their father and stated that Esther was led into the Temple and butchered there. The corpse of the girl was never found.
1882 A.D., At Galata, the ghetto of Constantinople, a child was enticed into a Jewish house where more than 20 people saw her go in. On the following day a corpse was found in the Golden Horn causing a great agitation among the Christian and Moslem population.
1882 A.D., A short time later another very similar case transpired in Galata. Serious, a distinguished lawyer of the Greek community, sent a petition to the representatives of all the Christian European powers at Constantinople so that justice might be done: but the Jews bribed the Turkish police, who allowed certain documents in the case to disappear. Bribed doctors declared the mother of the kidnapped and murdered child to be mentally deranged.
1883 A.D., Once more a ritual murder occurred in Galata. The police, bribed with Jewish money, prevented an investigation. The newspaper Der Stamboul, which strongly spoke out against the guilty ones, was suppressed. This suppression cost the Jews 140,000 francs.
1884 A.D., At Sturz (West Prussia) the dismembered body of 14-year-old Onophrius Cybulla was found one January morning under a bridge. According to the doctor’s opinion, the dismemberments showed great expertise and dexterity in the use of the knife. Although the murdered boy had been strong and plethoric, the dead body was completely bloodless. Immediately suspicion fell on various Jews, and during the investigation some very troublesome facts emerged. These, however, were not considered sufficient and the arrested Jews were released. (Otto Glagau, der Kulturki, Heft 119. 15. Mai 1885)
1885 A.D., At Mit-Kamar in Egypt a young Copt was butchered for the Easter celebrations.
1888 A.D., At Breslau in July, a crime was committed by Max Bernstein, a 24-year-old Rabbinical candidate at the Talmudic college, against a 7-year-old boy, Severin Hacke, whom Bernstein had enticed into his room. Bernstein withdrew blood from the boy’s sex organ. After the judge’s verdict Bernstein confessed: “The Bible and the Talmud teach that the gravest of sins can only be atoned for through innocent blood.” Therefore, he had withdrawn blood from the boy. The Jews recognized the danger and declared Bernstein to be a ‘religious maniac.’
1891 A.D., Murder of a boy at Xanten, on the Rhine. The 5-year-old robust boy of the Catholic cabinet-maker, Hegemann, was found in the evening at 6 o’clock on June 29th, by the maid Dora Moll, in the cow shed of the town councilor Kuppers, with his legs spread apart, laying on his side with a circular formed ritual cut, carried out by a skilled hand, and bled white. The boy was already missed at 10:30 in the morning. He was seen by 3 witnesses being pulled into the house of the Jewish butcher Buschoff.
1899 A.D., On March 26th the single 19-year-old seamstress, Agnes Kurza, was slaughtered by the hand of the Jewish butcher Leopold Hilsner. The corpse was found bloodless. The murderer was sentenced to death by the court of Kuttenberg.
1900 A.D., At Konitz (West Prussia) on the 11th of March 1900, the 18-year-old college freshman, Ernst Winter, was bestially murdered. Two days later pieces of his dismembered body were fished out of the Monschsee; almost five days later, on April 15th, the first Easter holy day, his head was found by children playing in the bushes. The corpse was completely bloodless. Winter was ritually murdered. The murder was carried out in the cellar of the Jewish Butcher, Moritz Levi, after the victim had been lured there by a young Jewess. On the day of the murder, a large number of foreign Jews were in Konitz who departed the next day without any plausible reason being given for their visit. Among them were the butchers Haller from Tuchel, Hamburger from Schlochau, Eisenstedt from Prechlau and Rosenbaum from Ezersk. The Konitz butcher Heimann disappeared shortly after the murder.
1911 A.D., The 13-year-old schoolboy, Andrei Youshchinsky was murdered in Kiev on March 12th. After eight days, his corpse was found in a brickyard completely slashed to pieces and bloodless. Suspicion fell on the Jewish manager of the brickyard, Mendel Beiliss. The case did not come to trial until two and a half years later (Sept. 29th to Oct. 28th, 1913). In the intervening period numerous attempts were made to lead the investigating officers on to the wrong track. Meanwhile a large number of incriminating witnesses suffered sudden and unnatural deaths; false accusations and confessions followed one after another due to huge money bribes. Behind the accused lurking in the shadows, was the figure of Faivel Schneerson of the Lubavitchers, leader of the ‘Zadiks’ (‘Saints’) of the Chassidim sect, who was the spiritual director of the murder. The trial ended with the release of Beiliss, but at the same time the court established that the murder had taken place inside the Jewish brickyard, which was the religious center of the Kiev Jews, for the purpose of obtaining blood. Almost all the prosecutors, witnesses, and authorities who had spoken out against Judaism, later fell victim to the Bolshevik Terror. (Ausfuhrliche Darstellungen des Prozeßes enthalten ‘Hammer’ Nr. 271, 273, 274, 275; Oktober bis Dezember 1913)
1926 A.D., The bodily remains of the children Hans and Erika Fehse were found in a parcel on the public square in Breslau. The children had been butchered. The corpses were bloodless. The genitals were missing. The Jewish butcher was believed the culprit. He disappeared without a trace.
1928 A.D., The college sophomore Helmut Daube was butchered on the night of the 22nd-23rd of March, 1928. In the morning, the blood-drained corpse lay in front of his parents home. (cf. ‘Der Sturmer’)
1929 A.D., The murder at Manau. The boy Karl Kessler was found butchered and bloodless on March 17th, 1929, several days before Passover. (cf. ‘Der Sturmer’)
1932 A.D., Martha Kaspar was butchered and dismembered at Paderhorn on March 18th, 1932. The pieces of the corpse were drained of blood. The Jew, Moritz Meyer, was convicted and received 15 years in prison. (cf. ‘Der Sturmer’)
1955 A.D., 5 White children in Chicago, Illinois were found ritually murdered.
Jews Apoplectic Over New Painting Honoring Simon Of Trent, A Child Ritually Murdered By Jews In The 15th Century, Christians for Truth, March 27, 2020
repeatedly disappeared from YouTube and Vimeo, now here:
by Ariel Toaff, from Chapter 8
Translated by Gian Marco Lucchese and Pietro Gianetti, 2007:
That Christian Europe of the Middle Ages feared the Jews is an established fact. Perhaps the widespread fear that Jews were scheming to abduct children, subjecting them to cruel rituals, even antedates the appearance of stereotypical ritual murder which seems to have originated in the 12th century. As for myself, I believe that serious consideration should be given to the possibility that this fear was largely related to the slave trade, particularly in the 9th and 10th centuries, when the Jewish role in the slave trade appears to have been preponderant (10).
During this period, Jewish merchants, from the cities in the valley of the Rhône, Verdun, Lione, Arles and Narbonne, in addition to Aquisgrana, the capital of the empire in the times of Louis the Pious [Louis I]; and in Germany from the centres of the valley of the Rhine, from Worms, Magonza and Magdeburg; in Bavaria and Bohemia, from Regensburg and Prague - were active in the principal markets in which slaves (women, men, eunuchs) were offered for sale, by Jews, sometimes after abducting them from their houses. From Christian Europe the human merchandise was exported to the Islamic lands of Spain, in which there was a lively market. The castration of these slaves, particularly children, raised their prices, and was no doubt a lucrative and profitable practice (11).
The first testimony relating to the abduction of children by Jewish merchants active in the trade flowing into Arab Spain,
comes down to us in a letter from Agobard, archbishop of Lyon in the years 816-840. The French prelate describes the appearance at Lyons of a Christian slave, having escaped from Córdoba, who had been abducted from Leonese Jewish merchant twenty four years before, when he was a child, to be sold to the Moslems of Spain. His companion in flight was another Christian slave having suffered a similar fate after being abducted six years before by Jewish merchants at Arles. The inhabitants of Lyons confirmed these claims, adding that yet another Christian boy had been abducted by Jews to be sold into slavery that same year. Agobard concludes his report with a comment of a general nature; that these were not considered isolated cases, because, in every day practice, the Jews continued to procure Christian slaves for themselves and furthermore subjecting them to “infamies such that it would be vile in itself to describe them” (12).
Precisely what kind of abominable “infamies” Agobard is referring to is not clear; but it is possible that he was referring to castration more than to circumcision (13). Liutprando, bishop of Cremona, in his Antapodosis, said to have been written in approximately 958-962, referred to the city of Verdun as the principal market in which Jews castrated young slaves intended for sale to the Moslems of Spain (14). During this same period, two Arab sources, Ibn Haukal and Ibrahim al Qarawi, also stressed that the majority of their eunuchs originated from France and were sold to the Iberian peninsula by Jewish merchants. Other Arabic writers mentioned Lucerna, a city with a Jewish majority, halfway between Córdoba and Málaga in southern Spain, as another major market, in which the castration of Christian children after reducing them to slavery was practiced on a large scale by the very same people (15).
Contemporary rabbinical responses provide further confirmation of the role played by Jews in the trade in children and young people as well as in the profitable transformation of boys into eunuchs. These texts reveal that anyone who engaged in such trade was aware of the risks involved, because any person caught and arrested in possession of castrated slaves in Christian territories was decapitated by order of the local authorities (16).
Even the famous Natronai, Gaon of the rabbinical college of Sura in the mid-9th century was aware of the problems linked to the dangerous trade in young eunuchs.
“Jewish (merchants) entered (into a port or a city), bringing with them slaves and castrated children [Hebrew: serisim ketannim]. When the local authorities confiscated them, the Jews corrupted them with money, reducing them to more harmless advisors, and the merchandise was returned, at least in part” (17).
But if one wishes to interpret the significance and scope of the Jewish presence in the slave trade and practice of castration, it is a fact that the fear that Christian children might be abducted and sold was rather widespread and deeply rooted in all Western European countries, particularly, France and Germany, from which these Jews originated and where the greater part of the slave merchants operated. Personalities in the clergy nourished that fear, conferring religious connotations upon it with an anti-Jewish slant, failing to account for the fact that slavery as a trade had not yet gone out of fashion morally and, as such, was broadly tolerated in the economic reality of the period. On the other hand, the abduction and castration of children, often inevitably confused with circumcision, which was no less feared and abhorred, could not fail to insinuate themselves in the collective unconscious mind of Christian Europe, especially the French and German territories, inciting anxiety and fear, which probably solidified over time, and, as a result, are believed to have concretized themselves in a variety of ways and in more or less in the same places, as ritual murder.
10. In this regard, see Ch. Verlinden’s now famous classic, L’esclavage dans l’Europe médiévale, Brugge, 1955, vol. I, pp. 702-716. For a rather over-simplified interpretation of the role of the Jews in the slave trade, see B. Blumenkranz, Juifs et Chrétiens dans le monde occidental (430-1096), Paris 1960, pp. 18-19, 184-211, to which the same Verlinden replied (A propos de la place des juifs dans l’économie de l’Europe occidentale au IXème siècles. Agobard de Lyon et l’historiographie arabe, in Storia e storiograph. Miscellanea de studi in onore di E. Dupre -Theseider, Rome, 1974, pp. 21-37).
11. Cfr. Verlinden, A propos de la place des juifs, cit., pp. 32-35.
12. “Et cum precedens scedula dictata fuisset, supervenit quidam homo fugiens ab Hispanis de Cordoba, qui se dicebat furatum fuisse a quoda Judeo Lugduno ante annos IIti IIIor, parvum adhuc puerum, et et venditum. Fugisse autem anno presenti cum alio, qi similiter furatus fuerat ab alio Judeo ante annos sex. Cumque huis, qui Lugdunesis fuerat, notos quereremus et invenirem dictum est a quibusdam et alios ab eodem Judeos furatos, alios vero eptos ac venditos; ab alio quoque Judeo anno presenti alium puerum furatum et venditum; qua hora inventum est plures Christianos a Christianis vendi et comparari a Judeis, perpatrarique ab eis multa infanda que turpia sunt ad scribendum” (Epistolae Karolini aevi, in “Monumenta Germaniae Historica”, III, Hannover, 1846, p. 185). For an analysis of this text, see, in particular, B. Blumenkrantz, Les auteurs chrétiens latins au Moyen Age sur les Juifs et le Judaisme, Paris, 1963, pp. 152-168; Id., Juifs et Chrétiens dans le monde occidentale , cit., pp. 191-195; Verlinden, A propos de la place des juifs, cit., pp. 21-25.
13. For a useful discussion of this topic, see Blumenkrantz, Juifs et Chrétiens dans le monde occidental, cit., pp. 194-195, no. 142; Id., Les auteurs chrétiens , cit., p. 163, no. 53.
14. “Carzimasium autem greci vocant amputatis virilibus et virga puerum quod Virdunenses mercatores ob immensum lucrum facere et in Hispaniam ducere solent ” [“Virgin boys whose genitals have been amputated are referred to by the Greeks as ‘eunuchs.’ These boys are castrated by merchants at Verdun at an immense profit and are usually taken to Spain ”], cit., in Verlinden, A propos de la place des juifs, cit., p. 33.
15. On the Arab sources attesting to the role of Jewish merchants in the eunuch trade, cfr. Verlinden, L’esclavage dans l’Europe médiévale, cit., p. 716; Id., A propos de la place des juifs, cit., pp. 22.
16. On the rabbinical responses relating to the trade in castrated young slaves and on the role of Lucena [outside Córdoba] as a center for the castrations, see A. Assaf, Slavery and the Slave-Trade among the Jews during the Middle Ages (from the Jewish Sources), in “Zion”, IV (1939), pp. 91-125 (in Hebrew); E. Ashtor, A History of the Jews in Moslem Spain, Jerusalem, 1977, vol. I, pp. 186-189 (in Hebrew).
17. The text of Natronai Gaon is reported in Assaf, Slavery and the Slave-Trade, cit., pp. 100-101. During this period, Jewish merchants, from the cities in the valley of the Rhône, Verdun, Lione, Arles and Narbonne, in addition to Aquisgrana, the capital of the empire in the times of Louis the Pious [Louis I]; and in Germany from the centres of the valley of the Rhine, from Worms, Magonza and Magdeburg; in Bavaria and Bohemia, from Regensburg and Prague - were active in the principal markets in which slaves (women, men, eunuchs) were offered for sale, by Jews, sometimes after abducting them from their houses. From Christian Europe the human merchandise was exported to the Islamic lands of Spain, in which there was a lively market. The castration of these slaves, particularly children, raised their prices, and was no doubt a lucrative and profitable practice.
Excerpt, Chapter Eight, Pasque di Sangue, First Edition,
English translation by Gian Marco Lucchese and Pietro Gianetti, 2007
Revision Date September 14, 2007, Rosh Hoshana, nightfall (5768)
When thou art come into the land which the Lord thy God shall give thee, beware lest thou have a mind to imitate the abominations of those nations. Neither let there be found among you any one that shall expiate his son or daughter, making them to pass through the fire: or that consulteth soothsayers, or observeth dreams and omens, neither let there be any wizard, Nor charmer, nor any one that consulteth pythonic spirits, or fortune tellers, or that seeketh the truth from the dead. For the Lord abhorreth all these things, and for these abominations he will destroy them at thy coming.
And the word of the Lord came to Jeremias, saying: Behold I am the Lord the God of all flesh: shall any thing be hard for me?… And they have built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Ennom, to consecrate their sons and their daughters to Moloch: which I commanded them not, neither entered it into my heart, that they should do this abomination, and cause Juda to sin.
And they have built the high places of Topeth, which is in the valley of the son of Ennom, to burn their sons, and their daughters in the fire: which I commanded not, nor thought on in my heart. Jeremias 7:31
But they mingled with the nations And learned their practices, And served their idols, and it became a stumblingblock to them. And they sacrificed their sons, and their daughters to devils. And they shed innocent blood: the blood of their sons and of their daughters which they sacrificed to the idols of Chanaan. And the land was polluted with blood, And was defiled with their works: and they went aside after their own inventions. Psalms 105 (106) :35-39
But he [King Achaz of Judea, son of King David] walked in the way of the kings of Israel: moreover he consecrated also his son, making him pass through the fire according to the idols of the nations: which the Lord destroyed before the children of Israel.
See also: 2 Paralipomenon (2 Chronicles) 28:3
And they forsook all the precepts of the Lord their God: and made to themselves two molten calves, and groves, and adored all the host of heaven: and they served Baal. And consecrated their sons, and their daughters through fire: and they gave themselves to divinations, and soothsayings: and they delivered themselves up to do evil before the Lord, to provoke him.
And he [King Manasses of Jerusalem] made his son pass through fire: and he used divination, and observed omens, and appointed pythons, and multiplied soothsayers to do evil before the Lord, and to provoke him. 4 Kings (2 Kings) 21:6
See also: 2 Paralipomenon (2 Chronicles) 33:6
Who seek your comfort in idols under every green tree, sacrificing children in the torrents, under the high rocks? Isaias 57:5
And thou hast taken thy sons, and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne to me: and hast sacrificed the same to them to be devoured. Is thy fornication small? Thou hast sacrificed and given my children to them, consecrating them by fire. Ezechiel 16:20-21
And I polluted them in their own gifts, when they offered all that opened the womb, for their offences: and they shall know that I am the Lord. Ezechiel 20:26